Anyone who is nearing retirement will need to think carefully about the best path ahead, given their individual circumstances and objectives.
1. Take stock of all your pension pots
» What type of pension do I have?
» Do I have more than one pension pot? If so, where are they?
» When and how can I access the funds?
» What is the value of my pension? What benefits will it provide?
» What about other options or guarantees?
Those with multiple pension pots quite often lose track of them. Visit the Unclaimed Assets Register website at https://www.uar.co.uk/Customer/Home to check.
If any of your pensions are not professionally managed, you should find out where the funds are invested, how this fits in with your financial objectives, how they are performing and the cost. A professional adviser can give you a clearer picture by reviewing all your pension pots and recommending ways to manage them going forward.
The key consideration may well be how to draw benefits. However, you need to be aware of how these might be taxed in life, what funds might remain on death and how these might also be taxed.
2. Look beyond your pension
Consider other possibilities, particularly if you’re approaching your lifetime allowance (LTA) limit. A professional adviser will take all of your circumstances into account, including your health, overall finances and family circumstances, to consider your full range of options.
Lifetime cash flow modelling can help. This is the process of assessing your current and forecasted wealth, along with your income and expenditure, to build a picture of your finances now and in the future. It can help ensure you don’t run out of money – or die with too much – by showing whether your current investment approach is either excessively risky or unduly cautious.
A professional adviser can also help you consider:
» Your income needs at different stages in retirement – you might well want more income earlier on
» Tax implications – pensions are generally highly tax efficient, so it may be preferable for you to draw your pension later and use other investments for income in the meantime
» How much you want to leave your beneficiaries
» Whether or not you need a cash lump sum.
3. Drawing your pension
These are the usual choices:
» Leave your pot untouched
» Get a guaranteed income (annuity)
» Get an adjustable income
» Take cash in chunks
» Take your whole pot
» Mix your options.
4. What to consider if you’re managing your pension on your own
» Get a state pension forecast at https://www.gov.uk/check-state-pension
» Various bodies can help (e.g. the Pension Wise website, The Pension Advisory Service, the Money Advice Service and perhaps your employer’s pension department) but there’s no substitute for bespoke advice
» Beware of scams – there is increasing concern around inappropriate transfers of pension funds, and HM Treasury has launched a consultation in this area
» Considering further pension funding before you retire? Check your annual allowance, as it’s not the same for everyone
» The lifetime allowance (LTA): if you have a sizeable pension, you could face tax of up to 55% of your pension fund over a certain level – or you could apply for a form of protection (such as Fixed Protection 2016 or Individual Protection 2016) – so planning is essential
» Who gets any remaining funds when you die, and how can they draw them? The Pension Freedom changes in 2015 mean that, in certain cases, it would be sensible to update your instructions.
This article was created for the DISCUS website by Simon Moore, Wealth Planning Director at Canaccord Genuity Wealth Management (CGWM). If you would like to find out more about Canaccord Genuity Wealth Management, you can visit their dedicated page on this website or see how their services compare to other discretionary offerings via the DISCUS Compare tool.
Investment involves risk. The value of investments and the income from them can go down as well as up and you may not get back the amount originally invested.
The information provided is not to be treated as specific advice. It has no regard for the specific investment objectives, financial situation or needs of any specific person or entity.
The tax treatment of all investments depends upon individual circumstances and the levels and basis of taxation may change in the future. Investors should discuss their financial arrangements with their own tax adviser before investing.